The inner city transport is far from optimal. There are many congestion losses that cannot be dealt with, apart from building extra infrastructure. The latter is not desirable because problems such as air pollution, noise level and sensitive traffic safety are further increasing. The streets of our inner cities are too narrow to handle large flows of cars. Parked cars hide the traffic arteries even more. This problem can only be tackled properly through the fundamental re-thinking of the urban transport problem.
Elements of this solution are minibuses that can be called by telephone, called telephone buses that arrive at home or stop at special stops. There will also be individual public transport that runs on fixed routes without a driver at 80 to 110 kph. When boarding, one selects the destination station at the push of a button and arrives at the destination without transferring. In addition, there will be public automatic city cars that are free for everyone to use at low costs. In the city the “driver” drives himself and outside the city the car drives fully automatically. The above systems can be realized in 16 years.
In order to be able to cope with the growth of traffic with the current infrastructure, a system was proposed by the Teletrans Corporation in Detroit in which mini cars can drive through a high-lying transparent tube. As a subscriber at a Teletrans neighborhood station, you step into a car that is ready to drive to your chosen destination. Inserting is done with electronic speed synchronization. At a distance of 3 meters and at a speed of 100 kph, 12,000 cars can be processed per hour. Another new technology is fast transport on air cushions. The National Research Development Inc. is building in Cambridge a 5 kilometer long test track to test the “tracked hovercraft” in practice. On a longer track, 800 kph should be possible later.
Source: Hupkes, G. et al. (1970). Transport in the future, Amsterdam: Pantoskoop
Pontiac Transport Concept, 1986
Citroën Eole, 1986